To the south of Encinitas is Cardiff, CA. Originally settled as a farm area in 1875 by the Mackinnon family, when the land changed hands in 1910 the plan was to develop a playground by the sea.
In 1912 Boston painter J. Frank Cullen built a pier, a bathhouse and a hotel. Cullen’s wife was from Cardiff, Wales, and that became the inspiration for the name Cardiff-by-the-Sea. Street names there also reference familiar places in the British Isles. Cardiff is a quaint hillside community known for its great surfing and beautiful wide beaches. At the intersection of Chesterfield and Highway 101 stands the iconic “Cardiff Kook,” a playfully posed surfer that is often adorned by local passersby.